Note: 1944-07-01GerWW2BattlefrontAtlas // 1944-05-01GerWW2BattlefrontAtlas // Polish Boy Scouts fighting in the Warsaw Uprising
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Timeline of World War II (1944)
This is a timeline of events that occurred during 1944 in World War II.
- 4: The 1st Ukrainian Front of the Red Army enters Poland.
- 9: British forces take Maungdaw, Burma, a critical port for Allied supplies.
- 12: The SS United Victory, the first Victory ship, is launched; this class of transport will prove to be crucial in hauling men and supplies across the oceans.
: Count Ciano, the Italian Foreign Minister and Mussolini's son-in-law, is executed by Mussolini's revived Fascist government sympathisers.
- 17: The first Battle of Monte Cassino begins when the British X Corps attacks along the Garigliano river at the western end of the German Gustav Line.
- 19: Red Army troops push westward toward the Baltic countries.
: British Operation Outward accidentally claims lives in Sweden by causing a train crash by knocking out lighting.
- 20: The Royal Air Force drops 2,300 tons of bombs on Berlin.
: The U.S. Army 36th Infantry Division, in Italy, attempts to cross the Gari River but suffers heavy losses.
- 22: Allies begin Operation Shingle, the landing at Anzio, Italy, commanded by American Major General John P. Lucas. The Allies hope to break the stalemate in south Italy, but they are unable to break out of the beachhead and the line holds until late May.
- 23: The British destroyer HMS Janus is sunk off Anzio.
- 24: The Allied forces have a major setback on the Gari River.
- 24: In German-occupied Belgium, the Social Pact, detailing plans for post-war social reform, is secretly signed.
- 28: The Russian Army completes encirclement of two German Army corps at the Korsun pocket, south of Kiev. Two-thirds of the Germans escape in the breakout next month with the loss of most heavy equipment.
- 30: United States troops invade Majuro, Marshall Islands.
: Japanese kill 44 suspected spies in the Homfreyganj massacre.
: The Brazzaville Conference begins in French Equatorial Africa. During the conference (which lasts until 8 February), the French Committee of National Liberation (CFLN) agrees to major reforms to the French colonial empire.
- 31: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
- 1: U.S. Marines mop up on Roi and Namur in the northern part of the Kwajalein atoll in the Marshall Islands.
- 2: The Narva front near the east border of Estonia is formed between the Soviet and German forces.
: Germans defeat American troops in the Battle of Cisterna near Anzio.
- 3: American planes bomb Eniwetok in the Marshalls, later to be a major B-29 base.
- 4: Kwajalein, the world's largest atoll and a major Japanese naval base, is secured.
- 5: The American Navy bombards the Kuril Islands, northernmost in the Japanese homelands.
- 7: In a radio interview, the last Estonian Prime Minister Jüri Uluots, as acting Head of State, supports mobilisation.
- 8: The plan for the invasion of France, Operation Overlord, is confirmed.
- 10: Winston Churchill urges Harold Alexander to order the Anzio generals to show more aggression.
- 11: German forces sent to relieve the Korsun pocket in Ukraine are now only 10 miles away.
- 14: The Russian 374th Rifle Regiment forms a bridgehead on the western shore of Lake Peipus. The Mereküla Landing Operation of the special unit of the Soviet Baltic Sea Fleet in the rear of the Germans at the Narva front at Mereküla is resisted.
: The underground organisation, the National Committee of the Republic of Estonia, is formed in Tallinn.
: Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) headquarters are established in Britain by U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower
: An anti-Japanese revolt on Java occurs.
- 15: The second Battle of Monte Cassino begins with the destruction of the historic Benedictine monastery on Monte Cassino by Allied bombing. The Allies believed the grounds were used as an observation post by the Germans.
: The Soviet bridgehead on the west coast of Lake Peipus is annihilated.
: Soviet Leningrad Front initiates the Narva Offensive, February 15–28.
- 16: Germans launch a major counter-attack at Anzio, threatening the American beachhead.
: Germans, with Panzer forces leading, fail to break out of the Korsun pocket.
: Diplomats from the USSR and Finland meet to sign an armistice.
- 17: American Marines land on Eniwetok.
- 18: The light cruiser HMS Penelope is torpedoed and sunk off the coast of Anzio with a loss of 415 crew.
: American naval air raid takes place on the Truk islands, a major Japanese naval base, but they will be one of the bypassed fortresses of the Japanese outer defence ring.
- 19: Leipzig, Germany is bombed for two straight nights. This marks the beginning of a "Big Week" bombing campaign against German industrial cities by Allied bombers.
- 20: A colonial military garrison in Luluabourg in the Belgian Congo mutinies, killing three.
- 22: John Lucas is replaced with major general Lucian Truscott at Anzio.
- 23: US Navy planes attack the Mariana Islands of Saipan, Guam and Tinian.
- 26: The "Big Week" bombing campaign comes to a successful conclusion; the American P-51 Mustang fighter with its long range proves invaluable in protecting American bombers over Germany.
: Red Air Force continues to bomb Helsinki, as Finland continues peace talks.
- 27: USS Cod sinks a Japanese merchant ship by torpedo.
- 28: The Admiralty Islands are invaded by U.S. forces, marked by the Battle of Los Negros and Operation Brewer. The struggle for this important fleet anchorage will continue until May. Rabaul is now completely isolated.
: Belgian industrialist Alexandre Galopin is assassinated in occupied Belgium by Flemish paramilitaries.
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