Irma Yakovlevna Raush|
21 April 1938
Saratov, Soviet Union
|Other names||Irma Tarkovskaya|
|Spouse(s)||Andrei Tarkovsky (1957-1970)|
Irma Yakovlevna Raush (Russian: Ирма Яковлевна Рауш; born 21 April 1938) is a Russian actress and the first wife of film director Andrei Tarkovsky. She is best known for her role as Durochka in Andrei Rublev and as Ivan's mother in Ivan's Childhood.
Irma Raush was born in Saratov on 21 April 1938 into a Volga German family. In 1954 she began to study at the State Institute of Cinematography (VGIK) under Mikhail Romm. She was in the same class as Andrei Tarkovsky, whom she married in April 1957. On 30 September 1962 their son Arseny Tarkovsky was born. They divorced in June 1970.
Irma Raush played several roles in Tarkovsky's early films. She played Ivan's mother in Ivan's Childhood in 1962 and Durochka in Andrei Rublev. For the latter role she was awarded the Étoile de Cristal in 1970 for best foreign actress. The Étoile de Cristal was a French film award and predecessor to the César Award. In 1970 she became a film director for the Gorky Film Studio. After finishing her film career she began to write children's books.