|Владимир Яковлевич Шаинский|
Vladimir Putin (left) and Vladimir Shainsky (right).
12 December 1925|
Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Shainsky was born in Kiev, where he first studied violin at the music school in Kiev. His studies there were interrupted in 1941 by the World War II, when his family was evacuated to Tashkent, Uzbek SSR. He continued his musical education at the Tashkent Conservatory, until he was enlisted in the Red Army. After the war he entered Moscow Conservatory, which he graduated as a violinist. In the 1950s Shainsky played in Leonid Utyosov's orchestra, taught students, and worked as a music manager at various dance orchestras. He later studied composition in Baku conservatory. His first compositional works were a string quartet, created in 1963 during his studies in Baku conservatory, and a symphony, written in 1965.
During his career as a composer, Shainsky wrote a great number of works for children. He created music and songs for cartoons such as Cheburashka, Katerok, Mamontenok and Kroshka Enot; also for films, including "Breakfast on the Grass", "Aniskin and Fantomas", "Aniskin Again", "School Waltz", "Finest, the brave Falcon"; and for musicals. He wrote many songs, such as "A Soldier is Walking in the Town", "Russia's Little Corner", "White Birch", "Smile", "Clouds", "A Dog is Lost", "Crocodile Gena's Song". Shainsky has also authored numerous songs in the Yiddish language, still popular with the klezmer orchestras. Shainsky has been awarded numerous awards, including the USSR State Prize (1981), People's Artist of the Russian SFSR title (1986), Order of Friendship (1996). He is a multiple prizewinner of the Russian (formerly Soviet) "Song of the Year" festival (since 1971).